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What are the Parts of a Sewing Machine?

What are the Parts of a Sewing Machine

In ancient times, many people knew the stitching of fabric with hand stitching, needle and thread. But when people wanted to perform a connection between a piece of fabric and the stitching material to form a garment.

As time developed, people invented a new methodology to stitch fabric which changed the difference between torn clothes into garments at high industrial standards. The sewing machine is an essential part of the stitching.

For stitching purposes, we must know about the parts of the sewing machine. Because of this, we can buy a good sewing machine to perform our stitching projects well. Stitching is not a common, easy and quick task, but if your sewing machine is too well with its parts, your work will surely be quick.

If you’re in need of any parts on sewing machine, look no further than the following top-rated options:

What Are The Parts Of A Sewing Machine?

So, I wrote this article for you to approach a good sewing machine with all of its useful parts. I’ll discuss here the main or lower parts of a sewing machine. Learn about Why Is My Sewing Machine Not Moving The Fabric.

Lower Parts Of A Sewing Machine

The lower parts of the sewing machine play an important role in maintaining the remaining parts of the machine. Some lower parts are discussed here;

Lower Parts Of A Sewing Machine

Band Wheel

It consists of a belt connection and a balance wheel. Both commonly start and stop the machine according to your need. When we turn the band wheel to start the machine by hand, the band wheel serves the balance wheel with the belt connection. There is another Band Wheel Crank that helps the wheel to move. 

Pitman Rod

It is the combination of the treadle and belt guide. By this, the treadle is kept on the band wheel crank. 


The Arm looks like a sleeve. Removing this sleeve during the sewing process is good for tailor use.

Belt Guide

A belt guide helps the belt to maintain its own space in the performance of the band wheel crank.

Belt Shifter

To keep moving the particular parts of the machine or for stopping purposes, a belt shifter’s strategy is like shifting a machine belt from one ring to the other.

Dress Guard

A dress guard shows its function by its name. As we know, guard means protection against any harm. So, the dress guard protects the dress from damage by the balance wheel.


A Treadle in the sewing machine is to do work just like a pedal or race in a bicycle or car. It is where we keep our feet to adjust the speed of the band wheel with the help of a pitman rod.


It is the reinforcement to the cabinet of the sewing machine. The sewing machine works well without any hurdle by this lower part. As I explained the lower parts of the sewing machine and its functions. Now, I am going to explain them;

Main Sewing Machine Parts And Functions

In most cases, sewing machines almost have the same parts and their functions; some of them are different in parts and their functions. The basic main parts of the sewing machine are explained below;

Thread Take-Up Lever

The Thread take-up lever is also famous for another name called thread lift lever. This is an important part of a sewing machine that helps the thread move up and down in a pair with the needle. Why My Sewing Machine Needle Keeps Breaking

Face Plate

The faceplate works as a protection shield for a sewing machine. 

Face Plate Thumb Screw

The faceplate thumb screw perfectly connects the faceplate with the sewing machine. 

Presser Bar Lifter

The presser bar lifter is a part that looks like a little hook based on the back of the sewing machine. It acts to pick up the press rod for the combination and separation of the needles on stitched stuff.

Presser Foot

The name expresses that it works like a foot attached to a sewing machine. The presser foot helps the tailor to give the right markings that a tailor wants. It gives an assurance about the straightness of the stings.

Pressure Regulating Thumb Screw

It regulates the motion of a cloth equally on the machine. It is a stitching screw which works according to the stitching procedure. 

Spool Pin

This spool pin holds a thread. Only two types of spool pins are available; Vertical and Horizontal.

Bobbin Winder Friction Ring

It works like a threaded filler on the base of the bobbin winder.

Bobbin Winder

It works for the packing of cotton for bobbins. It is a little spool wheel.

Thread Take-Up Spring

The adaptation of the stress of the top thread on the sewing machine is performed by this part of the machine.

Stitch Regulator

The stitch regulator regulates the gauge of the pricks. The other name, called lock, is also used for Stitch Regulator.

Slack Thread Regulator

When the thread is slow during the sewing process, the slack thread regulator will be active to maintain the stress of the thread.

Needle Clamp

As the name explains, its function is that it gives stability to the needle while you are doing your stitching process.

Tension Discs

The proper placement of the stitching of stuff is perfectly done by giving stress or tension to the thread. It is only possible with the help of tension discs.

Thread Guide

The steel or metal material which contains a hole shows a proper way for the threads to move from the spool pin to the hole.

Feed Dogs

The feed dogs are placed just down the shoe of a stitching machine. It helps in pulling or pushing the fabric. The other name used for these feed dogs is sewing machine teeth. 

Oscillating Hook Slide

It connects the upper and lower threads of a stitching machine.

Bed Plate

The bed plate is the backbone of the sewing machine. It supports all parts of the sewing machine, even the Arm of the sewing machine.

Throat Plate

It is placed just over the bed plate. It is a needle plate also which works to set up the fabric during the sewing process. 

Tension Spring

The accuracy in the fabric stitching only can be performed by creating stress on the thread.

Menu Screen

The modern machines have this feature of the menu screen, which gives you a clear reflection of the fabrics and their stitching functions on the screen.

Reverse Stitch Button

With the help of this button, you can move backwards in the direction of the stitches. It will help you to prevent the thread. 

So, the ten parts of a sewing machine are also described above.

Presser Foot, sewing needles, feed dogs and bobbins are the parts of sewing machine brainly

The head, Arm and bed are the upper parts of a sewing machine.

Frequently Asked Questions

What Are The 17 Parts of a Sewing Machine?

Spool pin, bobbin winder stopper, stitch width dial, stitch length dial, pattern selector dial, handwheel, bobbin binder spindle, reverse stitch lever, belt plate, throat plate, faceplate, tension spring, thumb screw, thread guides, thread take-up lever, presser lifter, tension regulator, and feed dogs are the 17 parts of a sewing machine.

What Are the Four Main Parts of a Sewing Machine?

The bobbin cover, presser foot, bobbin cover release button, and needle clamp screw are the four main parts of a sewing machine.

How Many Parts Do a Sewing Machine Have?

After good research, we can say that there are 27 sewing machine parts. Every modern machine has these 27 parts.

What Are the Parts of The Machine?

Axles, bearings, fasteners, frame members, splines, lubricants, belts, buckets, buttons and seals are the parts of the machine


Jacky Butchers

Hi, I'm Jacky Butchers, managing and writing on LetMeSewing. I worked in the field for almost a decade, and I holds a degree in Textile Engineering from the University of the Punjab. I've an extensive experience with a wide range of sewing machines, and I'm is happy to share my skills with those just starting out.